Hyperadrenocorticism, or Cushing’s disease, is when the adrenal glands within your pet’s body are producing excess hormone levels. Anatomy lesson first. Next to each kidney, is one adrenal gland. “Ad” refers to “next to”, and “renal” refers to kidney; adrenal. The adrenal glands function by working together with the pituitary gland, which is located at the base of the brain, to regulate the body’s hormone levels. The pituitary gland produces a hormone called adrenocorticotropic hormone, or ACTH, while the adrenal glands produce a steroid hormone called cortisol. So, how do they work together? When the pituitary gland produces ACTH, the ACTH stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol. Cortisol is produced to help your pet’s body respond to stress, manage blood sugar, control weight, and help fight infections. The presence of cortisol in the body exerts a negative feedback to the pituitary gland, suppressing ACTH production, to ensure a proper balance of your pet’s hormones.
What is the esophagus? The esophagus is a muscular “tube” that connects the mouth to the stomach; it carries food, water — and unfortunately things